Framework for Teaching and Learning

Principle # 1: ACTIVE LEARNING COMMUNITY

Students learn best when they have a sense of belonging to a positive learning community in which they have regular opportunities to work collaboratively.

Teachers…

· Organize the classroom environment with clearly established routines and behavioral expectations

· Create effective systems to hold students accountable for individual and group responsibilities

· Model thinking and share learning as a member of the classroom community

· Provide direct instruction and guided practice in the skills and dispositions of effective collaborative work

· Encourage questions, nurture multiple points of view and value intellectual risk-taking

· Facilitate student to student discourse, developing effective communications skills

· Structure opportunities for students to share work publicly

· Promote learning through engagement with others as mentors and critics

Principle # 1: ACTIVE LEARNING COMMUNITY

Students learn best when they have a sense of belonging to a positive learning community in which they have regular opportunities to work collaboratively.

Students…

· Establish and reflect on classroom and small group norms for respectful behavior and effective communication

· Participate actively in discussions and collaborative tasks

· Speak and write clearly to communicate with others

· Exchange meaningful and constructive feedback

· Clarify ideas by asking questions, listening to others

· Investigate and appreciate multiple points of view

· Share their work publicly and engage in dialogue about process and product

Principle # 2: CHALLENGING EXPECTATIONS

Students learn best when they understand performance expectations and are individually supported in meeting challenging standards.

Teachers…

· Maintain high expectations for all students

· Communicate learning goals clearly

· Anticipate misconceptions and connect new learning to prior knowledge

· Articulate performance expectations using rubrics and exemplars of quality work

· Provide timely and specific feedback to students

· Differentiate instruction using a variety of resources, materials and grouping strategies responsively

· Design opportunities for students to demonstrate understanding in a variety of ways

Principle # 2: CHALLENGING EXPECTATIONS

Students learn best when they understand performance expectations and are individually supported in meeting challenging standards.

Students…

· Ask questions to clarify expectations and learning goals

· Use and maintain organizational systems to support academic achievement

· Persist in the face of challenging learning tasks

· Evaluate and revise work using rubrics, models, and feedback

· Overcome obstacles to understanding by seeking teacher or peer support

· Seek new resources and strategies for learning

Principle # 3: MEANINGFUL KNOWLEDGE

Students learn best when they see content as meaningful and organized around big ideas and questions and can transfer learning to new contexts.

Teachers…

· Provide a clear purpose for learning and focus instruction on essential understandings and essential questions

· Make explicit connections between students’ prior knowledge to new learning

· Link content knowledge to students’ personal experiences, real world events, and other disciplines

· Develop tasks that require students to synthesize, transfer and apply their knowledge and skills to new situations

· Use data to engage students in analytical and critical thinking about conceptual ideas

· Expect students to support thinking with clear and compelling evidence

Principle # 3: MEANINGFUL KNOWLEDGE

Students learn best when they see content as meaningful and organized around big ideas and questions and can transfer learning to new contexts.

Students…

· Look for connections between what they are learning and what they already know

· Articulate the purpose of their learning to themselves and others

· Transfer learning skills and knowledge from one context to another

· Recognize bias, values and beliefs and understand their impact on knowledge

· Access, analyze and create data to understand conceptual ideas

· Support thinking with clear, logical and relevant evidence

Principle # 4: PURPOSEFUL ENGAGEMENT

Students learn best when they are actively engaged in authentic learning tasks and given opportunities to construct meaning and develop understanding.

Teachers…

· Structure learning tasks that engage students in authentic work of the discipline

· Develop inquiry-oriented lessons in response to essential questions

· Pose complex, intriguing and challenging problems for students to solve

· Stimulate critical and creative thinking and model active listening

· Use multi-media and technology tools to enhance learning outcomes

· Seek and provide real audiences for student work

· Act as coaches, facilitators, and guides to promote engagement and develop leadership in students

Principle # 4: PURPOSEFUL ENGAGEMENT

Students learn best when they are actively engaged in authentic learning tasks and given opportunities to construct meaning and develop understanding.

Students…

· Actively seek answers to their own questions and explore their interests

· Hypothesize, analyze, question, and evaluate ideas within the work of the discipline

· Accept opportunities to assume partnership and leadership roles in the classroom

· Take initiative to bring interesting ideas and resources into the classroom community

· Think critically and use reasoning skills to develop understanding

· Think creatively and use problem solving skills to develop innovative ideas

Principle # 5: INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

Students learn best when they make choices about and take responsibility for their own learning goals and progress.

Teachers…

· Design learning tasks that require students to be self-directed, make choices and manage time effectively to achieve their learning goals

· Structure group tasks to ensure individual and collective accountability

· Plan for regular opportunities for student reflection through discussion and writing

· Foster a growth mindset helping students to see mistakes as learning opportunities

· Celebrate resiliency and resourcefulness in the face of setbacks or obstacles

Principle # 5: INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY

Students learn best when they make choices about and take responsibility for their own learning goals and progress.

Students…

· Evaluate the quality of their performances / work products

· Set learning goals and reflect on progress

· Learn from their own mistakes and develop new strategies

· Advocate for themselves by asking for help when needed

· Learn to become self-directed to make choices that match interests and learning needs

· Assume responsibility for good work habits

· Develop leadership skills in areas of interest

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